- The coat of arms of Brunei is on a yellow field in the middle with a black and white diagonal stripe.
- The yellow field represents the sultan.
- The red coat of arms consists of an inverted crescent that is attached to the parasol and hands on the sides.
- Crescent symbolizes Islam, the parasol represents monarchy, and hands on the side symbolize the government.
- Black and white stripes represent major ministers who were senior advisers in the past: Pengiran Bendahara (first minister, pictured by a slightly stronger white stripe) and Pengiran Pemancha (second minister, symbolized by a black stripe).
- On the crescent, there is a national motto in Arabic: “Always give service to God’s guidance.” Under the inscription, Brunei Darussalam is written, which means “Brunei, the abode of peace.”
- It was adopted in 1940 and contains five components: a flag, a royal parasol (ceremonial umbrella), a wing, hands and a crescent symbol of Islam with a national motto written in Arabic: “Always give service to God’s guidance”. The text below shows the country name.
- The wings of the ridge represent the protection of justice, peace, prosperity, and peace.
- Hands symbolize protection.
Sultan’s personal emblem
- In 1959, the Sultan of Brunei received a different emblem.
- Two hands were replaced by two golden cats.
- It is made of precious metal, it is decorated with
pendilliand sarpech, consisting of a crescent moon and a ten-pointed star.
- Allah Peliharakan Sultan (“God Bless the Sultan”)
- The anthem is sung in the Malaysian national language.
- The words were written by Pengiran Haji Mohamed Yusuf bin Pengiran Abdul Rahim and composed by Haji Awang Besar bin Sagap in 1947
. The song was adopted in 1951 as the British national anthem, but after independence in 1984, it was taken over as the national anthem of Brunei.
- Pupils sing the national anthem every Monday before the beginning of the lesson. The anthem is played every morning on radio and television.
The local currency is the Brunei Dollar (BND, B $). Sometimes it happens that you hear ringgit, but it is really a Brunei dollar and not a Malaysian ringgit.
1 BND = 16.95 CZK = 3.02 MYR
Brunei Dollar and Singapore Dollar can be exchanged 1: 1. By law, both currencies in Brunei can be paid, so if you come from Singapore there is no reason to exchange money. The same applies if you are in Singapore and have a Brunei dollar with you. The only difference is that Brunei accepts the Singapore coins (only not 1 SGD), but Singapore does not accept coins from Brunei.
Coins (cents) – 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50
Banknotes (dollars) – at 1, 5, 10, 50 and 100
1BND = 100 cents
Unfortunately, we have such an unpleasant experience that when we picked money from an ATM, the transaction failed twice, but the third attempt has already come out. We only received the money once, but the amount was deducted 3 times in the account. We had to call our bank and after month money came back to an account. But eventually, we solved the problem. It just needs patience. 🙂 The bank wanted us to know exactly where the cash was collected and because the ATM was monitored, there was no problem checking that we only received one amount.
According to Southeast Asian standards, Brunei is roughly at the same level as Singapore, roughly twice as expensive as neighboring Malaysia. You can reduce costs by eating in local restaurants and avoiding more expensive restaurants in hotels.
Until recently, accommodation in Brunei was expensive, but cheaper hostels for backpackers are now widely expanding.
Example of prices:
Tourist sim card: 10 BND
Dinner for 2 people at the local restaurant: average 10 BND
Fare: 1 BND / person
Accommodation in AE BackPackers Hostel 3 nights / 2 persons: 127 BND
Cafe (1 cappuccino, 1 iced tea, and 1 red velvet cake): 13 BND
Night Market (1 burger and 1 noodle soup): 7 BND
Entrances to museums in the capital city are free